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Gigantic chunks of ice, temperatures way below freezing, winds whipping at breakneck speed, and... Over the years, most of what you’d hear about South America were reports of ceaseless violence, political turmoil, and drug trafficking. Opened for signature in 1959, it was initially given a blessing by twelve countries that participated in the International Geophysical Year, or IGY for short. Unfortunately, due to climate change, Antarctica has become a symbol for scientists and policymakers to push for environmental changes to protect this region. 10 Most Beautiful And Amazing Airports In The World ! After the initial treaty, there were some others that followed suit, protecting marine and all other kinds of life on the continent, particularly seals and prohibiting mineral extraction. 8 Best Vegan & Vegetarian Cafés in London, 10 Best South/South-East Asia Destinations for Chill Yet Adventurous Budget Travel. They were the neighboring countries of Australia, New Zealand, Chile, Argentina, and a few countries under Antarctica continent (or above depending on how you look) – Norway, the United Kingdom, and France. Even the regular daily routines need adjustments, let alone long-distance travels. That does not mean, however, that no country has tried to claim it in the past or present. The continent of Antarctica is located in and comprises 20 percent of the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere. Being so important for the stability and cooperation of countries of Antarctica, the treaty deserves a special mention here: “No acts or activities taking place while the present treaty is in force shall constitute a basis for asserting, supporting or denying a claim to territorial sovereignty in Antarctica or create any rights of sovereignty in Antarctica. Despite the years of effort to have Antarctica preserved as a politics-free zone, many countries still vie for its territory to this day. A little known fact about Antarctica is that it the largest desert on Earth. Along the coast in the winter, temperatures range from -22°F to 14°F (-30°C to -10°C) and hover around 32°F (0°C) during summers. Antarctica’s climate is extremely cold and dry, making it difficult to inhabit and colonize. However, nearly 4,000 people visit the continent each year, some of whom are considered semi-permanent residents because as part of scientific communities they remain for extended periods of time. To reiterate, these countries are: Which countries of the world have research stations in Antarctica? CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. During the 1950s, seven countries were very eager to lay claim to the Antarctic continent. Also, even though the military is prohibited from operating on the continent unless they’re helping the scientific staff, Chile and Argentina are maintaining a constant military presence. These countries have tended to place their Antarctic scientific observation and study facilities within their respective claimed territories; however, a number of such facilities are located outside of the area claimed by their respective countries of operation, and countries without claims such as India, Italy, Russia and the United Stateshave constructe… As we’ve already established, there are no countries in Antarctica, and making a list of such countries would be absolutely redundant. With so many different fields requiring a decent amount of regulation in order for all these countries to coexist and focus on science rather than causing conflicts, the need arose for an all-encompassing system to fulfill that role. Festival of Sacrifice: The Past and Present of the Islamic Holiday of Eid al-Adha, Frances M. Ginter/Hulton Archive/Getty Images. Antarctica is believed to have abundant natural resources such as oil reserves and 70% of the earth’s freshwater; however, the 1959 Antarctic Treaty prevents humans from exploiting the land for these resources. Will 5G Impact Our Cell Phone Plans (or Our Health?! By 1959, 12 countries came together to create the 1959 Antarctica Treaty: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, the French Republic, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, the Union of South Africa, the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States. What’s the purpose of all this? International Geophysical Year was a major turning point for countries deeply separated by the Cold War and the danger it posed. Information about Antarctica is brought to you by "List of countries of the world", your first stop in discovering all countries of the world. Although the COVID pandemic has us locked inside, it doesn't mean you should not plan your next winter holiday because things can change for... We don’t all have the luxury of an unlimited cash supply. There are also research stations located across the continent that are run by many different countries. Today, seven countries have territories on Antarctica: Countries such as the United States, Peru, Russia, and South Africa have all reserved their right to make a claim in the original Antarctic Treaty. What is the Best Time to Visit Shillong and Cherrapunji, Nicaragua in October: Weather, Places to Visit & Things to Do. Whether you’re starting your day off with delicious vegan... OK, you’ve been saving up your cash and now you’re ready to go to Asia to chill, eat some killer food, relax, and maybe... Europe’s Best Airline 2011-2016 and 18th best airline in the world in 2018 according to Skytrax rating, Turkish Airlines still raises the question of... Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Besides these seven, some other countries with research stations include: The list goes on and encompasses most of the European countries, including quite a lot of them from Europe. Becoming a parent means that your world changes upside down. In fact, it appears that many countries feel entitled to segments of its territory today. The short answer to this question, and also how it should be is simply – no. While there are systems to prevent such divisions of land among sovereign countries in Antarctica, there are obviously tendencies to bend the rules ever so slightly, just enough for certain countries to flash their claims. There are seven sovereign states who have made eight territorial claims in Antarctica: Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway and the United Kingdom. It is treated as a global wildlife and scientific reserve and over 48 countries have signed an accord that recognizes Antarctica as such. How Do Airlines Allocate Seats To Passengers? Is it safe to travel via Turkish Airlines? However, there are seven countries that claim parts of the continent, and there are many other countries that send groups of scientists and workers each year. However, there have been instances of these rules being broken, like when Argentina performed military maneuvers on Antarctican land. I’ve never been to this magical place but I’ve always longed to go. To get a clearer picture, you need to understand more about the events that preceded the treaty system that keeps the fifth-largest continent of the world in check, protecting it from armed conflicts and petty squabbles. These lines fully portray the importance of the treaty in preventing conflicts due to territorial claims. Let the world have at least one completely demilitarized zone where scientists from all over the globe can come together for the betterment of humankind.
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