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Despite the fact they are mainly herbivores, some individuals have shown that they are opportunistic carnivores. Galapagos Land Iguanas are endemic to the Galapagos Islands. on Top 10 Slender Glass Lizard Facts – The Lizard With No Legs? Male Galapagos Land Iguanas aggressively court females and after mating females go to find a suitable place to lay their eggs. The biggest threats to the Galapagos Land Iguana are animals that were introduced to the island. Bird Friends. The females make a burrow that is approximately 45 cms (18 inches) deep in which they lay 2 - 25 eggs. on Top 11 Common Collared Lizard Facts – The Lizard That Can Stand On Its Hind Legs? The Galapagos land iguana is one of three species of land iguana endemic to the Galapagos Islands (the others being the Santa Fé land iguana and the pink Galapagos land iguana). Predators The main predators of Galapagos Land Iguanas are feral animals, such as cats, dogs and pigs, that have been introduced to the islands and birds of prey. They are native to 6 of the islands; Fernandina, Isabela, Santa Cruz, North Seymour, Hood and South Plaza. Galapagos land iguanas enjoy a symbiotic relationship with the birds of the island – or … The main predators of Galapagos Land Iguanas are feral animals, such as cats, dogs and pigs, that have been introduced to the islands and birds of prey. They have a heavy body and thick, powerful legs. Natural predators in the Galapagos Land Iguana’s habitat tend only to hunt iguanas under a year old (after which they become too big for the predators to eat). Currently there is an estimated 5,000 and 10,000 land iguanas found in the Galapagos. Also, leave a comment below and let us know what you think. This article is about 3 of the predators which are endemic to the Galapagos Islands; 1) The magnificent Frigate Birds 2) The Galapagos Hawk 3) The Galapagos short eared Owl The Magnificent Frigate Bird: They feed mainly on fruit and flowers found around the island, and prickly pears. Habitat In this area the two different iguanas will sometimes interbreed, resulting in a hybrid iguana that shows a mixture of features from each of the different species. on Top 10 Brazilian Rainbow Boa Facts – a Snake With Rainbow Scales? A similar population crash also happened on Isabela Island. Top 10 Fiji Crested Iguana Facts – A Beautifully Bright Iguana, 10 Things You Should Know Before You Get A Veiled Chameleon. Galapagos iguanas used to be extremely abundant on Santiago Island, inhabiting every nook and cranny they could find. The female will guard the eggs, protecting them from being dug up by other females, and males may also help to protect the area by head bobbing and tail whipping. Interesting Facts It is estimated that there are between 5,000 and 10,000 Land Iguanas on the Galapagos Islands. They are found in drier, scrub areas of the islands and they live in burrows. The eggs will stay there until they hatch, which can be anywhere from 90 to 125 days later. Breeding Over the past 150 years, their population has drastically declined. This also prompted a captive breeding program to be set up on Santa Cruz Island, which still continues today. On their toes they have long, sharp claws and they have a short, blunt head. The most likely pairs are between male marine iguanas and female land iguanas. Common Names: Galapagos Land Iguana and Common Land Iguana. Share it with your friends using the links below! This provides relief to the iguana, and food for the birds. Main Characteristics They have occasionally been seen consuming insects and carrion. They will guard the nest for a few days after laying to ensure that no other females lay their eggs in the same place. On South Plaza Island the territories of marine iguanas and land iguanas overlap. Despite their long separation time in history, and the fact that they are two distinct species from different genera, the offspring are viable and can be successfully hatched. Galapagos Land Iguanas are also known as: Land Iguana Similar Animals Because of these introduced animals, there has been decreases in land iguana populations due to the competition for food and predation of eggs and juveniles. When they get too warm they retreat into the shade. They will then lay anywhere from 2–20 eggs in a burrow about 20 inches deep in the ground. These birds will perch on the backs of the iguanas and remove parasites and ticks that have attached to the iguana. Top 10 Common Bush Viper Facts – The Snake that Looks like a Dragon? Land Iguana Just like most iguanas, they have crests running down their head and backs. The Galapagos Land Iguana’s generic name, Conolophus, is derived from two Greek words: conos (κώνος) meaning “spiny” and lophos (λοφος) meaning “crest” or “plume”, which describes the spiny crests along their backs. Galapagos Land Iguanas grown to over 1 m (3.3 ft) in length, they weigh up to 13 kgs (28.7 lbs) and they have a life expectancy of up to 60 years. Interesting Facts It is estimated that there are between 5,000 and 10,000 Land Iguanas on the Galapagos Islands. 10 Beautiful Ball Python (Python Regius) Morphs. Top 10 Cat Gecko Facts – the gecko with a cat tail? After 90 - 110 days the young iguanas hatch and dig their way to the surface. Top 11 Common Collared Lizard Facts – The Lizard That Can Stand On Its Hind Legs? the woods to catch a glimpse of land iguanas and finches and mockingbirds. The other two land iguanas are the Santa Fé land iguana (Conolophus pallidus) from Santa Fe Island and the Pink Galapagos land iguana (Conolophus marthae) from Northern Isabela Island. These animals include cats, dogs, pigs and rats. Diet In addition, there is also a project which is focussing on reintroducing land iguanas back to Santiago Island where they were wiped out. Entire populations of the Iguanas, including all the iguanas on Santiago Island, have been wiped out by introduced feral animals. Wild dogs wiped out the last colonies of land iguanas on the Santa Cruz island in 1976. Barrington Land Iguana Despite their strong jaws and claws, these iguanas are actually mostly herbivores. Galapagos land iguanas can live anywhere from 50-60 years, so they become sexually active a bit later than other reptiles. This can be anywhere between eight and fifteen years of age – the age depending on which island they are from. Galapagos Pink Land Iguana. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), on Top 10 Fiji Crested Iguana Facts – A Beautifully Bright Iguana, on 10 Things You Should Know Before You Get A Veiled Chameleon. Galapagos land iguana’s skin is generally a bright yellow with white, black and brown blotches as well. They are yellowish in colour and they have a spikey dorsal crest that runs along their neck and back. Top 10 Brazilian Rainbow Boa Facts – a Snake With Rainbow Scales? However, the introduced cats have been shown to prey upon three and even four year old iguanas. These crests are not as tall as in most iguanas. The Galapagos land iguana is one of three species of land iguana endemic to the Galapagos Islands. They have a short head and powerful hind legs with sharp claws on their toes, as well as a long tail. However, the babies produced are likely sterile. Enjoy this article? Its specific name subcristatus is derived from the Latin words sub meaning “lesser” and cristatus meaning “crested”, which refers to the low crest of spines along the iguana’s back. on 10 Beautiful Ball Python (Python Regius) Morphs. Galapagos land iguanas enjoy a symbiotic relationship with the birds of the island – or more specifically, the finches. Galapagos Land Iguanas are also known as: They can grow to 3-5 feet and weigh up to 25 pounds. Top 10 Rubber Boa Facts – A Very Rubbery Looking Snake! They are active during day and they maintain their body temperature by basking in the sun. Marine Iguana on Top 10 Cat Gecko Facts – the gecko with a cat tail? Top 10 Mexican Alligator Lizard Facts – A Very Beautifully Green Lizard. Thanks for reading! During the first few years of their life they are very vulnerable and they reach maturity between 8 and 15 years of age. Predators on Top 10 Mexican Alligator Lizard Facts – A Very Beautifully Green Lizard. The remaining 60 surviving iguanas were rescued by the Charles Darwin Research Station and entered into a breeding program. Fresh water is scarce in their natural habitat, and because of this they eat the prickly pears, which supply water to the iguana. Top 10 Slender Glass Lizard Facts – The Lizard With No Legs? They also supplement their diet with insects and carrion if they are available. Similar Animals Galapagos Land Iguanas are primarily herbivorous and 80% of their diet is made up of the prickly-pear cactus. On some of the islands they can travel up to 15 kms (9 miles) to find a suitable nesting site. Soon after mating, the female iguanas migrate to sandy areas to nest. The yellow is mainly focused around their heads and their bellies, as well as other patches depending on the iguana. on Top 10 Common Bush Viper Facts – The Snake that Looks like a Dragon? As water is scarce on the Galapagos Islands, they obtain most of their water from their food, but during the rainy season they will drink from standing pools of water.