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Spotted Hyena - Name: Spotted Hyena, Scientific Name: Crocuta crocuta, Continent: Africa, Mass: Female: 98 – 140 lbs Male: 89 – 120 lbs, Height: 2.3 – 3 ft., Diet: Carnivore, Status: Least Concern, TV Shows: Samurai Jack Family Guy Teen Titans Go! The lunge for each other and get into a vicious fight. For this reason, measures of body mass used in this study were only from males with “normal” belly scores. Tweet; Description: The only member of the genus crocuta, the spotted hyena looks similar to dogs, but is more closely related to the cat family. She then snaps the wolf's neck with her powerful jaws. The front legs are longer than the hind legs, which gives the back of spotted Hyenas a slightly odd, downward slope. The spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) also known as laughing hyena, is a carnivorous mammal of the family Hyaenidae, of which it is the largest extant member. IUCN Occasional Paper no. Spotted Hyena relies on running to move around. Spotted hyena societies are more complex than those of other carnivorous mammals, and have been reported to be remarkably similar to those of cercopithecine primates in respect to group size, structure, competition and cooperation. Though often mislabeled as cowardly scavengers, spotted hyenas derive the majority of their nourishment by hunting medium sized ungulates, and frequently clash with lions over food and territory. Once prey is caught, spotted hyenas will kill their prey by eating it alive. Four gray wolves that are escapees from an exotic wildlife park in Africa have brought down a zebra and are tearing into the wild horse's body, before any other predators appear to take their prey. Also, like cercopithecine primates, dominance ranks in hyena societies are not correlated with size or aggression, but with ally networks. Spotted hyenas are more social than grey wolves, but their groups are not as closely knit as African wild dogs. The female hyena dodges an attack from the female and sinks her teeth into her thigh, causing massive internal bleeding and badly crippling the wolf. Territory boundaries (dotted lines) of the 3 monitored spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) social groups (clans) in the Masai Mara National Reserve, Kenya. Just as it is about to take a bite out of the hyena's neck the female hyena grabs it by the scruff of the neck and throws it off the male hyena, sending it sprawling in the dust. Individuals are known to live for 493.2 months and can grow to 63369.98 g. Reproduction is dioecious. Spotted hyenas will increase their kill rate during the calving seasons of their prey, or when they are frequently displaced from their kills by other predators. EOL has data for 65 attributes, including: Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Spotted Hyena. Though hyenas may harass the stallion, they usually only concentrate on the herd and attempt to dodge the stallion's assaults. The lead hyena clamps her jaw around the wolf's neck and crushes its windpipe with its powerful jaws. Nature School For Teachers - Fall 2020 Launch! Because spotted hyenas have the ability to consume large amounts of food, body mass can be influenced by the amount of food in the digestive system (Kruuk, 1972). The spotted hyena has a strong and well developed neck and forequarters, but relatively underdeveloped hindquarters. The wolves press their size advantage and manage to cause enough injury to one of the hyenas to leave it dying on the floor. Spotted hyenas prefer prey with a body mass range of 56–182 kg, with a mode of 102 kg. Prey-sampling transects are indicated with checkered lines. spotted hyena. The wolves turn to face their opponents and growls aggressively. It is a nocturnal mammalivore. (4-3), The wolves immediately jump on the hyena that killed the other wolf and tear him to pieces.
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