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stendhal red and black wikipedia

He crossed the Berezina River by finding a usable ford rather than the overwhelmed pontoon bridge, which probably saved his life and those of his companions. "[10] Stendhal added an additional "H" to make more clear the Germanic pronunciation. His two most famous novels are Le Rouge et le Noir (The Red and the Black, 1830) and La Chartreuse de Parme (The Charterhouse of Parma, 1839). In 1807 Stendhal stayed near Stendal, where he fell in love with a woman named Wilhelmine, whom he called Minette, and for whose sake he remained in the city. "[11]:80 He uses many ridiculous names: "Don phlegm", "Giorgio Vasari", "William Crocodile", "Poverino", "Baron de Cutendre". [5], Stendhal witnessed the burning of Moscow from just outside the city. "[24], Simone de Beauvoir uses Stendhal as an example of a feminist author. He was named an auditor with the Conseil d'État on 3 August 1810, and thereafter took part in the French administration and in the Napoleonic wars in Italy. This fusion of, and tension between, clear-headed analysis and romantic feeling is typical of Stendhal's great novels; he could be considered a Romantic realist. "Look upon life as a masked ball," is the advice that Stendhal gives himself in his diary for 1814. In a word, in Bologna "crystallization" has not yet begun. But, such as he was, he offered himself to the moment; circumstances seized him, tossed him about, and laid upon him a unique and unexpected destiny; they formed him so that he was compelled to come to terms with reality in a way which no one had done before him. [8] When Stendhal was appointed to a consular post in Trieste in 1830, Metternich refused his exequatur on account of Stendhal's liberalism and anti-clericalism.[9]. This article is about the writer. In his works, Stendhal reprised excerpts appropriated from Giuseppe Carpani, Théophile Frédéric Winckler, Sismondi and others.[15][16][17][18]. Émile Zola concurred with Taine's assessment of Stendhal's skills as a "psychologist", and although emphatic in his praise of Stendhal's psychological accuracy and rejection of convention, he deplored the various implausibilities of the novels and Stendhal's clear authorial intervention. It was shot the Saint-Maurice Studios in Paris. Best known for the novels Le Rouge et le Noir (The Red and the Black, 1830) and La Chartreuse de Parme (The Charterhouse of Parma, 1839), he is highly regarded for the acute analysis of his characters' psychology and considered one of the early and foremost practitioners of realism. The Red and the Black is a novel by Stendhal. Beyle-Stendhal was a man of keen intelligence, quick and alive, mentally independent and courageous, but not quite a great figure. [14] As a literary critic, such as in Racine and Shakespeare, Stendhal championed the Romantic aesthetic by unfavorably comparing the rules and strictures of Jean Racine's classicism to the freer verse and settings of Shakespeare, and supporting the writing of plays in prose. The Red and the Black (French: Le rouge et le noir) is a 1954 French-Italian historical drama film directed by Claude Autant-Lara, who co-wrote the screenplay with Jean Aurenche and Pierre Bost, based on the novel The Red and the Black by Stendhal. As he described in his book Naples and Florence: A Journey from Milan to Reggio: As I emerged from the porch of Santa Croce, I was seized with a fierce palpitation of the heart (that same symptom which, in Berlin, is referred to as an attack of the nerves); the well-spring of life was dried up within me, and I walked in constant fear of falling to the ground.[28]. Best known for the novels Le Rouge et le Noir and La Chartreuse de Parme, he is highly regarded for the acute analysis of his characters' psychology and considered one of the early and foremost practitioners of realism. He is interred in the Cimetière de Montmartre. He wrote a biography of Rossini, Vie de Rossini (1824), now more valued for its wide-ranging musical criticism than for its historical content. He coins comic names "that make him even more bourgeois than he really is: Cotonnet, Bombet, Chamier. Henri-Marie Beyle (23 January 1783 – 23 March 1842) is better known by his pen name Stendhal. His novel The Charterhouse of Parma, written in 52 days, is set in Italy, which he considered a more sincere and passionate country than Restoration France. Acknowledgement – one acknowledges the pleasantness of having gained the loved one's interest. "[24], In Auerbach's view, in Stendhal's novels "characters, attitudes, and relationships of the dramatis personæ, then, are very closely connected with contemporary historical circumstances; contemporary political and social conditions are woven into the action in a manner more detailed and more real than had been exhibited in any earlier novel, and indeed in any works of literary art except those expressly purporting to be politico-satirical tracts. In homage to Stendhal, Trenitalia named their overnight train service from Paris to Venice the Stendhal Express. Despite having been reported as such in several essays received by the French Department, this is most likely false. Hope – one envisions gaining the love of the loved one. [2] The film starred Gérard Philipe, Antonella Lualdi and Danielle Darrieux, and won the French Syndicate of Cinema Critics award for the best film of 1955 and the Grand Prix de l'Académie du Cinéma the same year. "[12], Stendhal's Journal and autobiographical writings include many comments on masks and the pleasures of "feeling alive in many versions." [25], Even Stendhal's autobiographical works, such as The Life of Henry Brulard or Memoirs of an Egotist, are "far more closely, essentially, and concretely connected with the politics, sociology, and economics of the period than are, for example, the corresponding works of Rousseau or Goethe; one feels that the great events of contemporary history affected Stendhal much more directly than they did the other two; Rousseau did not live to see them, and Goethe had managed to keep aloof from them." The series was adapted by Stephen Lowe from the novel The Red and the Black (1830) by French writer Stendhal. In 1817 Stendhal was reportedly overcome by the cultural richness of Florence he encountered when he first visited the Tuscan city. The Red and the Black, a novel by the French author Stendhal; Films. An intelligent, handsome, and ambitious young man, he was born in Verrières, a small imaginary town in Doubs, though not based on any real geographical location. Study Guide for The Red and the Black. He was not fully appreciated until the beginning of the 20th century. Marie-Henri Beyle, better known by his pen name Stendhal, was a 19th-century French writer. [19], The German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche refers to Stendhal as "France's last great psychologist" in Beyond Good and Evil (1886). Auerbach goes on to say: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, We may ask ourselves how it came about that modern consciousness of reality began to find literary form for the first time precisely in Henri Beyle of Grenoble. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. (September 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Scarlet and Black is a British four-part television drama series first aired in 1993 on BBC 1 by the BBC with a cast including Ewan McGregor and Rachel Weisz. Stendhal used more than a hundred pseudonyms, which were astonishingly diverse. [6] Stendhal became known, during the Russian campaign, for keeping his wits about him, and maintaining his "sang-froid and clear-headedness." He dedicated his writing to "the Happy Few" (in English in the original). This can be interpreted as a reference to Canto 11 of Lord Byron's Don Juan, which refers to "the thousand happy few" who enjoy high society, or to the "we few, we happy few, we band of brothers" line of William Shakespeare's Henry V, but Stendhal's use more likely refers to The Vicar of Wakefield by Oliver Goldsmith, parts of which he had memorized in the course of teaching himself English.[14]. The only book that Stendhal published under his own name was The History of Painting (1817). The Red and the Black (French: Le rouge et le noir) is a 1954 French-Italian historical drama film directed by Claude Autant-Lara, who co-wrote the screenplay with Jean Aurenche and Pierre Bost, based on the novel The Red and the Black by Stendhal. Today, Stendhal's works attract attention for their irony and psychological and historical dimensions. The departure, according to Stendhal, has nothing to do with one's will; it is an instinctive moment. Disambiguation page providing links to topics that could be referred to by the same search term, The Scarlet and the Black (disambiguation), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Red_and_the_Black_(disambiguation)&oldid=956498525, Disambiguation pages with short descriptions, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "The Red and the Black", a 1973 song by Blue Öyster Cult from the album, "The Red and the Black", a 2015 song by Iron Maiden from the album, This page was last edited on 13 May 2020, at 18:03. Michael Dirda considers Stendhal "the greatest all round French writer – author of two of the top 20 French novels, author of a highly original autobiography (Vie de Henry Brulard), a superb travel writer, and as inimitable a presence on the page as any writer you'll ever meet."[27]. [24], Vladimir Nabokov was dismissive of Stendhal, in Strong Opinions calling him "that pet of all those who like their French plain". Also published was a more extended autobiographical work, thinly disguised as the Life of Henry Brulard. Delight – one delights in overrating the beauty and merit of the person whose love one hopes to win. He also maintained his daily routine, shaving each day during the retreat from Moscow. His other works include short stories, journalism, travel books (A Roman Journal), a famous collection of essays on Italian painting, and biographies of several prominent figures of his time, including Napoleon, Haydn, Mozart, Rossini and Metastasio. One of his correspondents, Prosper Mérimée, said: "He never wrote a letter without signing a false name. [11]:85 In Memoirs of an Egotist he writes: "Will I be believed if I say I'd wear a mask with pleasure and be delighted to change my name?...for me the supreme happiness would be to change into a lanky, blonde German and to walk about like that in Paris. He borrowed this nom de plume from the German city of Stendal, birthplace of Johann Joachim Winckelmann, an art historian and archaeologist famous at the time.[10]. He spent "the happiest years of his life" at the Beyle country house in Claix near Grenoble. In the analogy, the city of Bologna represents indifference and Rome represents perfect love: When we are in Bologna, we are entirely indifferent; we are not concerned to admire in any particular way the person with whom we shall perhaps one day be madly in love; even less is our imagination inclined to overrate their worth. His genuine empathy towards women is evident in his books; Simone de Beauvoir spoke highly of him in The Second Sex. [7], After the 1814 Treaty of Fontainebleau, he left for Italy, where he settled in Milan. He was a 19th century French writer. Marie-Henri Beyle (French: [bɛl]; 23 January 1783 – 23 March 1842), better known by his pen name Stendhal (UK: /ˈstɒ̃dɑːl/, US: /stɛnˈdɑːl, stænˈ-/;[1][2][3] French: [stɛ̃dal, stɑ̃dal]),[a] was a 19th-century French writer.

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